|PE-2 Soviet dive bomber|
The Petlyakov Pe-2 was a Soviet twin-engined dive bomber used during World War II. It was one of the best front-line medium bombers of the war. In many respects it resembled the wooden British de Havilland Mosquito. The Soviets built 11,430 Pe-2s during the war. The Pe-2 was designed in a prison design bureau (sharashka); Vladimir Petlyakov had been arrested and imprisoned in 1937 for allegedly delaying design work on the Tupolev ANT-42 bomber.
Sharashka was an informal name for secret research and development laboratories operating from 1930 to the 1950s within the Soviet Gulag labor-camp system. Etymologically, the word sharashka derives from a Russian slang expression sharashkina kontora ("Sharashka's office", which in its turn comes from the criminal argot term sharaga for a band of thieves, hoodlums, etc.), an ironic, derogatory term to denote a poorly-organized, impromptu, or bluffing organization.Some people are good with things, some are good with people. The former create some amazing stuff, the later organize society so the former have the freedom to create things, even if they are locked up. (Wait, what?)
10,000 seems to be a common number for WW2 aircraft, at least the ones that were successful. The world built a total of 780,000 aircraft for this conflict.
Via daily timewaster